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PROGRAMME No. 05/2020 (Item No: 32)
Category Number : 499/2019


I Food Technology

Principles and methods of food preservation – Heat processing, pasteurization,
canning, dehydration, freezing, freeze drying, fermentation, microwave, irradiation and
chemical preservatives – Aseptic preservation, hurdle technology, hydrostatic pressure
technology, microwave processing, microfiltration, bactofugation, ultra high voltage
electric fields, pulse electric fields, high pressure processing, irradiation,
thermosonication, ohmic heating, dielectric heating, infrared, induction heating,
antibacterial and bacteriocins. Food fortification. Food additives. Classification,
composition, manufacture, packaging, storage and defects of tomato products, other
convenience foods from fruits and vegetables, beverages – tea, cocoa and coffee –
pickles, chutney, sauces, spices, jam, jelley, marmalade, health drinks, restructured fruits
and vegetables, preparation of fruits and vegetables, minimally processed products and
Individually Quick Freezed products. Milling, processing, composition, structure, product
development and byproduct utilization of cereals, pulses, millets and oil seeds.
Antinutritional factors. Instant ready mixes. Packaging – materials and methods.
Nutritional labeling of food. Quality control – systems and tools. Food plant sanitation.
Food hygiene. Environment and waste management. Total quality management, good
management practices, HACCP and codex alimentarius commission.


II Dairy Technology

Composition of milk- Physico – chemical properties of milk- milk hygiene- milk
microbiology – Market milk: collection of milk- cooling and transportation–
filtration/clarification- standardization- homogenization – pasteurization- UHT –
sterilization- packaging. Tests for milk quality and detection of adulterants- dairy plant
and equipment hygiene and sanitation. Definition, classification, composition, outline of
manufacture, packaging, storage and defects of the following milk products: Cream,
Malai, Dahi /Curd, yoghurt, Channa / Paneer, Cheese, Ice cream , Frozen desserts,
Evaporated milk, Condensed milk, Milk powder, Butter, Ghee, Chakka and Shrikhand,
Indigenous milk products. Foods for infant nutrition . Whey products, Edible casein


III Veterinary Sciences

Standards for organization and layout of abattoirs, handling and transport
of meat animals including poultry. Ante mortem and post mortem examination. Scientific
slaughtering and dressing of carcasses. Evaluation, grading and fabrication of dressed
carcasses including poultry. Fraudulent substitution of meat, preservation of meat and
aquatic foods. Ageing of meat. Packaging of meat and meat products. Physico-chemical
and microbiological quality of meat and aquatic food and food products. Organic meat
food products. Food products of genetically modified animals and marine origin. Meat as
a source of disease transmission. Physical, chemical nutritional and functional
characteristics of egg. Processing of Egg and egg products. Preservation and storage of


IV Food Safety and Allied Laws

The Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006; Rules and Regulations : Definitions –
Authorities and Officers – Constitution, Functions and Powers –General Provisions as to
Articles of Food, Ch. IV , SS.19 to 24- Prohibition Orders- Procedure for Investigation
and Launching Prosecutions – Analysis of Food – Offences and Penalties – Defences –
Adjudication. Criminal Procedure Code, 1973 : Definitions- Cognizance of offences by
Magistrate, S.190 – Complaints to Magistrate, SS. 200 to 203 – Trial of Sessions cases,
SS. 225 to 237 – Trial of Warrant Cases, SS.238 to 250- Trial of Summons Cases, SS.
251 to 259 – Summary Trial, SS. 260 to 265- Appeal, SS. 372 to 394 –Bail and Bonds,
SS. 436 to 450. Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Definitions- Expert Evidence, S.45 –
Documentary Evidence, SS. 61 to 78.


V Nutritional Biochemistry and Food Analysis

Chemical composition of food: Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, fiber, vitamins,
and minerals – characteristics, sources, physiological and biochemical functions, daily
requirement, digestion and absorption. Biological value of proteins (BV), Protein
efficiency ratio (PER), Digestability coefficient, Net protein Utilization, Net Protein
Ratio(NPR), Chemical Score, Free Radicals and Antioxidants. Energy value of foods,
Respiratory Quotient (RQ), Determination of Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR),
Determination of energy metabolism during work, Energy expenditure for various types
of activities, Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA), Specific Dynamic Action (SDA) of
foods, Balanced diet formulation. Analytical techniques used in detection of adulteration
of food: Principle, procedure and detectors of chromatographic techniques (Column,
paper, TLC, HPLC and GC), Spectroscopic techniques (IR, UV, MS and AAS). Food
Analysis – moisture content, ash, fat, carbohydrate, crude fibre, crude protein, sodium,
potassium, calcium, and phosphates. Food adulteration: common adulteration,
contamination and pesticide analysis. Oils and Fats – Iodine value and saponification


VI Microbiological, Biotechnological and Medical aspects

Microscopy, staining and culture techniques, sterilization techniques, culture
media, factors influencing microbial growth, growth curve, thermal death time and
thermal death points, D-value, Z- value. Sources of microorganisms in food, perishable,
semi perishable and non-perishable foods, intrinsic and extrinsic parameters influencing
microbial content of food, Food spoilage-types, causes and indications. Control of
spoilage-pre-harvesting and post harvesting food processing. Food Borne Diseases:
Definition , Classification ( Food borne intoxications & Food borne infections),
neurolathyrism, aflatoxins, Ergotism, Epidemic dropsy, Typhoid fever, Salmonellosis,
Staphylococcal intoxication, Botulism, Bacillus cereus food poisoning, E.coli diarrhea,
Cholera, Shigellosis, Brucellosis, Food poisoning: Types of food poisoning, method of
investigation of food poisoning, prevention and control- food sanitation, refrigeration,
surveillance. Food handlers: medical examination of food handlers, infections
transmitted by food handlers, education of food handlers. Adulteration of foods: Health
hazards. Sanitation of eating places: minimum standards, storage of uncooked
foodstuffs, waste disposal, water supply and washing facilities. Fermented foods- types,
production, organisms involved, advantages and disadvantages, spoilage of fermented
foods. Microbiological analysis of food and water- qualitative and quantitative, indicator
organisms, coliforms, detection of pathogens, molecular techniques for detection of
microbes. Microbiological standards of food and water. Water purification for domestic
and municipal purposes. Sewage treatment. Application of enzymes in food industry,
production of food flavor and colour. Enzyme immobilization and applications. Use of
amylase, invertase, protease, pectinase and cellulase in food industries. Bioreactors.
Single-Cell Proteins. Molecular detection of food contamination. Genetically modified
food and their labelling.


VII Agricultural Sciences

Post harvest handling : Physiology of maturity, ripening and senescence in
cereals, pulses, fruits and vegetables. Maturity indices and harvesting of vegetables. Post
harvest losses, phases of loss and measures to reduce the losses. Fruits and vegetablescleaning and grading, methods of grading, equipment for grading of fruits and vegetables.
Storage, grain storage, types of storage structures- traditional, improved and modern
storage structures. Size reduction- Principles and equipment for size reduction. Edible
mushrooms. Stored product pests and their management – preventive and curative
methods. Rodent management : principles and methods of control; Rodenticides – acute
poisons, chronic poisons, fumigants. Fumigation, baits, baiting and rat proofing.


VIII Constitution and Civil Rights

Constituent Assembly – Preamble – Fundamental Rights – Directive principles –
Fundamental Duties – Citizenship – Constitutional Amendments – Panchayath Raj –
Constitutional Institutions and their Functions – Emergency- Union List- State List –
Concurrent List.


IX Mental Ability and Test of Reasoning

Calculation & Logic – Coding & Decoding- Classification- Synonym- AntonymLetter & Number Series- Odd Man Out- Analogy- Common Sense Test- Alphabetical
Arrangement of Words- Date and Calendar- Sense of Direction- Etc.


X General English

Grammar – Agreement of Subject and Verb – Confusing Adjectives and Adverbs
– Comparison of Adjectives – Correct usage of Articles – Prepositions – Direct and
Indirect Speech – Active and Passive Voice – Correction in Sentences – etc.
Vocabulary – Gender – Singular and Plural – Synonyms – Antonyms – One word
Substitutes – Problem concerning words – Idioms and their meanings – etc

NOTE: – It may be noted that apart from the topics detailed
above, questions from other topics prescribed for the
educational qualification of the post may also appear in the
question paper. There is no undertaking that all the topics
above may be covered in the question paper

February 2020

DBT Junior Research Fellowship Programme (DBT – JRF) – BIOTECHNOLOGY ELIGIBILITY TEST (BET – 2020)

DEPARTMENT OF BIOTECHNOLOGYMinistry of Science &Technology, Govt. of India DBT-Junior Research Fellowship (DBT-JRF) in Biotechnology (2020) BIOTECHNOLOGY ELIGIBILITY TEST (BET) 2020 Applications are invited from bonafide Indian citizens, residing in … Continue Reading DBT Junior Research Fellowship Programme (DBT – JRF) – BIOTECHNOLOGY ELIGIBILITY TEST (BET – 2020)


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